Emeritus Professor Clifford Shearing

Emeritus Professor

Emeritus Professor Clifford Shearing leads the Global Risk Governance programme in the Public Law Department of University of Cape Town's Law Faculty. 

Shearing has, throughout his career, sought to reshape understandings of policing. He, with his collaborators, has coined terms such as “mass private property”, the “governance of security” and “nodal governance” that have become common parlance within the criminological lexicon. His analyses have been influential in developing "policing studies" as an area of enquiry beyond "police studies”.

His current work is focused on reshaping the boundaries of criminological studies in ways that enable criminologists to engage with the shifts in the risk landscapes that are characterising the 21st Century.  

Shearing has been actively engaged in enhancing the safety of people's lives through a variety of policy and other practical engagements across the globe — for example, in Argentina, Australia, Canada, Jamaica, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. He co-authored the influential 1999 Patten Commission report on policing in Northern Ireland and co-authored a landmark 2014 report by the Council of Canadian Academies, commissioned by the Government of Canada, entitled Policing Canada in the 21st Century: New Policing for New Challenges. This report builds on early co-authored reports published by the Canadian Law Reform Commission on global developments in policing.

He has also been actively involved in mentoring graduate students.

At a practice level, Shearing is currently engaged, with the support of the Mauerberger Foundation, in assisting young South Africans who are making a difference in transforming human engagements with earth systems through EESI (Environmental Entrepreneurs Support Initiative) to significantly extend their contributions.

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Clifford Shearing CV - 2010 to 2022 >>



Shearing, C. & Berg, J. Forthcoming. Advanced Introduction to Criminology. Elgar Advanced Introduction Series. Edward Elgar.

Hubschle, A. & Shearing, C. Forthcoming. Conservation, the Illegal Wildlife Trade and Local Communities. Routledge.

Froestad, J., Holley, C. & Shearing, C. In Process. Electricity, Energy Transitions and the Anthropocene: Comparing Shifts in the Energy-Development Nexus. Edgar Elgar.

Holley, C., Phelan, L. & Shearing, C. Eds. 2021. Criminology and Climate: Insurance and the Regulation of Harmscapes. (In the Series “Criminology at the Edge”, Eds. Leclerc, B., Homel, R. and Shearing, C.). Routledge.

Amicelle, A., Côté-Boucher, K., Dupont, B., Mulone, M., Shearing, C.  & Tanner, S. Eds. 2019. The Policing of Flows: Challenging Contemporary Criminology. Routledge.

Holley, C. & Shearing, C. Eds. 2018. Criminology and the Anthropocene (In the Series Criminology at the Edge, Eds. Leclerc, B., Homel, R. and Shearing, C.). Routledge.

Harrington, C. & Shearing, C. 2017. Security in the Anthropocene: Reflections on Safety and CareBielefeld: Transcript.

Froestad, J. & Shearing, C. 2013. Security Governance, Policing, and Local Capacity. Advances in Police Theory and Practice Series. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Cartwright, J. & Shearing, C. 2012. Where’s The Chicken? Making South Africa Safe. Cape Town: Burnet Media.

Holley, C., Gunningham, N. & Shearing, C. 2012. The New Environmental Governance. London: Earthscan.

Johnston, L. & Shearing, C. 2011. Eds. Innovative Possibilities: Global Policing Research and Practice. (Police Practice and Research) IPES Series. London: Routledge.

Wood, J. & Shearing, C. 2011. Pensar la Seguridad. Barcelona: Gedisa. (Spanish translation of ‘Imagining Security).

Ayling, J., Grabosky, P. & Shearing, C. 2009. Lengthening the Arm of the Law: Enhancing Police Resources in the 21st Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wood, J. & Shearing, C. 2007. Imagining Security. Cullompton: Willan Publishing.

Johnston, L. & Shearing, C. 2003. Governing Security: Explorations in Policing and Justice. London: Routledge.

Bayley, D. & Shearing, C. 2001. The New Structure of Policing. Washington: National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice.

Brogden, M. & Shearing, C. 1994. Policing for a New South Africa. London & New York: Routledge.

Gladstone, J., Ericson, R. V. & Shearing, C. Eds. 1991. Criminology: A Readers Guide. Toronto: Centre of Criminology.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P. C. 1987. Private Policing. Criminal Justice Systems Annuals, Vol. 23. Newbury Park: Sage.

Shearing, C. 1984. Dial-a-Cop: a Study of Police Mobilization. (Research Report). Toronto: Centre of Criminology, University of Toronto.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P.C. 1982. Private Security and Private Justice: the Challenge of the 80's. Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy.

Shearing, C. Ed. 1981. Organizational Police Deviance: Its Structure and Control. Toronto: Butterworths.

Shearing, C. Farnell, M.B., & Stenning, P.C. 1980. Contract Security in Ontario. Toronto: Centre of Criminology, University of Toronto.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P.C. 1980. Police Training in Ontario: An Evaluation of Recruit and Supervisory Courses. Toronto: Centre of Criminology, University of Toronto.

Farnell, M.B. & Shearing, C. 1977. Private Security: An Examination of Canadian Statistics 1961-1971. Toronto: Centre of Criminology, University of Toronto.

Watts, H. L. & Shearing, C. 1966. Blood Donation: Attitudes and Motivation. Durban: Institute of Social Research, University of Natal.


Cordner, G., Maguire, E. & Shearing, C. Eds. 2021. [special issue]. Special Issue in honor of David Bayley – Police and Policing: Comparative Perspectives on Reform. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice.

Holley, C., Kennedy , A., Mutongwizo, T. & Shearing, C. Eds. 2019. [special issue]. Governing Energy Transitions: Unconventional Gas, Renewables and their Environmental NexusEnvironmental and Planning Law Journal 36: 427 – 436.

Harrington, C., Lecavalier, E. & Shearing, C. Eds. [special issue]. Lessons of the Anthropocene: Entanglements and SecurityCrime, Law and Social Change: An Interdisciplinary Journal.  

Johnston, L. & Shearing, C. Eds. 2009. Special Anniversary Issue [special issue]. Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, 10(5&6).

Shearing, C. & Wood, J. Eds. 2007. Re-shaping Policing: Ideas in Action [special issue]. Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, 8(2).

Stenning, P.C. & Shearing, C. Eds. 2005. Reforming Police-An International Perspective [special issue]. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 38(2).

Marks, M. & Shearing, C. 2005. Eds. Special Focus on Policy Conundrums in Policing [special issue]. South African Review of Sociology, 36(2).

Shearing, C. & Marks, M. Eds. 2004. Special Focus on Policing in Transition: Multi-Agency [special issue]. Society in Transition, 35(2).

Shearing, C., Dupont, B., & Ferret, J. Eds. 2004. On the Governance of Security: A Dialogue [special issue]. Policing and Society, 14(1).


Holley, C., Kennedy, A. & Shearing, C. Forthcoming 2022. Power, conflict, and energy law: learning from unconventional natural gas, non-state actors, industry, and government. Texas Journal of Oil, Gas, & Energy Law. 18.1 Fall.

Dupont, B., Shearing, C., Bernier, M. &  Leukfeldt, R. The Tensions of Cyber-Resilience: From Sensemaking to PracticeTelematics and Informatics. Preprint available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4224537 

van Dijk, A., Cordner, G. & Shearing, C. 2022.  Policing the pandemic: public health, law enforcement, and the use of force. Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being. Vol 7(2). https://doi.org/10.35502/jcswb.246

Berg, J. & Shearing, C. 2021. Criminology: Some Lines of Flight. Journal of Criminology. 54(1): 21-33. https://doi.org/10.1177/26338076211014569

Cordner, G., Maguire, E. & Shearing, C. 2021. Policing, Politics and Democracy: David Bayley’s Enduring Contributions. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice. Special Issue in honor of David Bayley – Police and Policing: Comparative Perspectives on Reform. Spring 2021.

Simpson, N., Rabenold, C., Sowman, M., & Shearing, C. 2021. Adoption rationales and effects of off-grid renewable energy access for African youth: A case study from TanzaniaRenewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews. Volume 141, May 2021, 110793

Berg, J & Shearing, C. 2020. Private Security’s Accountabilities within Polycentric Assemblages. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice.

Shearing, C. 2020.  Citizens and DenizensThe International Journal of Restorative Justice. 3(1): 57-62. DOI: 10.5553/IJRJ/258908912020003001007

Shearing, C. &  Stenning, P. 2020. David Bayley - 1933-2020: A personal tribute. Policing & Society.  30(4): 479-482. https://doi.org/10.1080/10439463.2020.1779271

Simpson, N.P., Shearing, CD., Dupont, B. 2020. ‘Partial functional redundancy': an expression of resilience in the Cape Town droughtClimate Risk Management. 28, 

Simpson, N.P., Shearing, CD., Dupont, B. 2020. Gated adaptation during the Cape Town drought: Mentalities, transitions and pathways to partial nodes of water securitySociety & Natural Resources

Simpson, N.P., Shearing, C.D. & Dupont, B., 2020. When Anthropocene shocks contest conventional mentalities: a case study from Cape Town. Climate and Development, 12(2): 163-169.

Holley, C., Mutongwizo, T. & Shearing, C. 2020. Conceptualizing Policing and Security: New Harmscapes, the Anthropocene and Technology.  Annual Review of Criminology, vol 3: 341-358. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-criminol-011419-041330

Hamann, R.,  Makaula, L., Ziervogel, G., Shearing, C., Zhang, A. 2020. Strategic Responses to Grand Challenges: Why and how Corporations Build Community ResilienceJournal of  Business Ethics.

Simpson, N.P., Shearing, C.D. & Dupont, B., 2019. Climate Gating: A Case Study of Emerging Responses to Anthropocene Risks. Climate Risk Management. 

Simpson, N.P, Simpson, K.J., Shearing, C.D. and Criolia, Liza Rose, 2019. Municipal Finance and Resilience Lessons for Urban Infrastructure Management: A Case Study from the Cape Town DroughtInternational Journal of Urban Sustainable Development.

Mutongwizo, T., Holley, C., Shearing, C. and Simpson, N.P. 2019. Resilience Policing: An Emerging Response to Shifting Harm Landscapes. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice.

Holley, C.,  Mutongwizo,T.,  Shearing, C. & Kennedy , A. 2019. Shaping Unconventional Gas Regulation: Industry Influence and Risks of Agency Capture in Texas, Colorado and QueenslandEnvironmental Planning and Law Journal. 36: 510 – 530.

Holley, C., Shearing, C., Harrington, C., Kennedy, A. & Mutongwizo, T. 2018. Environmental Security and the Anthropocene: Law, Criminology and International RelationsAnnual Review of Law and Social Science. 14 (1): 185 – 203.

Berg, J.  & Shearing, C.  2018. Governing-through-Harm and Public Goods PolicingAnnals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 679 (1): 72-85.

Holley, C., Mutongwizo, T. & Shearing, C. 2019. Conceptualizing Policing and Security: New Harmscapes, the Anthropocene and TechnologyAnnual Review of Criminology, vol 3.

Harrington, C., Lecavalier, E. & Shearing, C. 2017.  From Passengers to Crew: Introductory Reflections. Crime, Law and Social Change: An Interdisciplinary Journal.

Froestad, J. & Shearing, C.  2017. Energy and the Anthropocene: Security Challenges and Solutions. Crime, Law and Social Change: An Interdisciplinary Journal.

Amicelle, A., Côté-Boucher, K., Dupont, B., Shearing, C., & Tanner, S. 2017. Criminology in the Face of Flows: Reflections on Contemporary Policing and Security.  Global Crime. 1-11.

Jensen, T.O., Shearing, C., Skauge, T.  & Persson, A. 2016.  Energy Civilization through Industrial Modernity and Beyond. Euro-Asian Journal of Sustainable Energy Development Policy, 5(1): 21-44.

Shearing, C.  2016. Reflections on the Nature of Policing and its DevelopmentPolice Practice & Research, 17(1): 84-91.

Honig, M., Petersen, S., Shearing, C., Pintér, L. & Kotze, I. 2015.  An investigation of the conditions under which farmers are likely to reshape their practices: Private land conservation in the Cape Winelands, South Africa, a case study.  Land Use Policy, 48: 389-400.

Stenning, P. & Shearing, C. 2015. Privatisation, Pluralisation and the Globalisation of Policing. Research Focus, 3(1): 1-8.

Petersen, S., Shearing, C & Nel, D. 2015. Sustainability Transitions: An Investigation of the Conditions under Which Corporations Are Likely To Reshape Their Practices to Reverse Environmental DegradationEnvironmental Management and Sustainable Development, 4(1): 85-105.

Shearing, C. 2015. Criminology and the Anthropocene. Criminology and Criminal Justice, 15(3): 255-269.

Honig, M., Petersen, S., Herbstein, T., Roux, S., Nel, D. & Shearing, C. 2015. A Conceptual Framework to Enable the Changes Required for a One-planet FutureEnvironmental Values, 24(5): 663-688.

Pasquini, L., Ziervogel, G., Cowling, R.M. & Shearing, C. 2015. What Enables Local Governments to Mainstream Climate Change Adaptation? Lessons Learned from Two Municipal Case Studies in the Western Cape, South Africa. Climate and Development. Climate and Development7(1): 60-70.

Froestad, J., Grimwood, S., Herbstein, T. & Shearing, C. 2015. Policy Design and Nodal Governance: A Comparative Analysis of Determinants of Environmental Policy Change in a South African City. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research & Practice, 17(2): 174-191.

Van der Spuy, E. & Shearing, C. 2014. Curbing the Killing Fields: Making South Africa SaferThe Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 652(1): 186-205.

Pasquini, L. & Shearing, C. 2014. Municipalities, Politics, and Climate Change: An Example of the Process of Institutionalizing an Environmental Agenda within Local GovernmentJournal of Environment and Development, 23(2):271-296.

Van Steden, R., Wood, J., Shearing, C & Boutellier, H. 2013. The Many Faces of Nodal Policing: Team Play and Improvisation in Dutch Community SafetySecurity Journal [online]: http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/sj.2013.30.

Froestad, J. & Shearing, C. 2013. Meditative Reflections on Nils Christie’s ‘Words on Words’ through an African LensRestorative Justice Journal: An International Journal, 1(1): 31-46.

Nel, D., Shearing, C. & Reyers, B. 2011. Insurers could help address climate risks. Nature, 476(7358): 33.

Berg, J. & Shearing, C. 2011.The Practice of Crime Prevention: Design Principles for More Effective Security GovernanceSA Crime Quarterly, 36:23-30.

Shearing, C. & Marks, M. 2011. Being a New Police in the Liquid 21st Century. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 5(2): 1-9.

Shearing, C. 2011. Re-considering the Field of Policing: A Review of The Policing Web. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 53(3): 325-342.

Bradlow, B., Bolnick, J. & Shearing, C. 2011. Housing, Institutions, Money: The Failures and Promise of Human Settlements Policy and Practice in South AfricaEnvironment and Urbanisation, 23(1): 267-275.

Wood, J., Shearing, C. & Froestad, J. 2011. Restorative Justice and Nodal GovernanceInternational Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 35(1):1-18.

Shearing, C. & Johnston, L. 2010. Nodal Wars and Network Fallacies: A Genealogical Analysis of Global Insecurities. Theoretical Criminology, 14(4): 1-20.

Shearing, C. 2010. Introduction to the Series. Police Practice & Research, 11(5): 451-453.

Feltes, T. & Shearing, C. 2009. E-Learning Crossing Borders: Policing (all around) the World. The Criminologist, 34(4): 15-16.

Wood, J. & Shearing, C. 2009. De Nodale Politiefunctie (Being a Nodal Police). Justitiële verkenningen (Judicial Explorations). Nodal Governance en Veiligheidszorg, 35(1): 11-28.

Johnston, L. & Shearing, C. 2009. From a 'Dialogue of the Deaf' to a 'Dialogue of Listening': Towards a New Methodology of Policing Research and PracticePolice Practice and Research: An International Journal, 10(5&6): 415-422.

Marks, M., Shearing, C. & Wood, J. 2009. Who Should the Police Be? Finding a New Narrative for Community Policing in South Africa. Police Practice and Research: An International Journal. 10(2): 145-155.

Shearing, C. 2008. Making South Africa Safe: Possibilities and Prospects. Acta CriminologicaCRIMSA Conference Special Edition, 1: 1-11,9.

Burris, S., Kempa, M. & Shearing, C. 2008. Changes in Governance: A Cross-Disciplinary Review of Current ScholarshipAkron Law Review, 4(1): 1-66.

Ayling, J. & Shearing, C. 2008. Taking Care of Business: Public Police as Commercial Security Vendors. Criminology and Criminal Justice, 8(1): 27-50.

Shearing, C. & Foster, D. 2007. Back to the Future in South African Security: From Intentions to Effective Mechanisms. Acta Juridica, 16: 156-170.

Shearing, C. & Wood, J. 2007. From the Guest Editors: Re-shaping policing: Ideas in Action. Police Practice and Research, 8(2): 99-106.

Gunningham, N., Holley, C. & Shearing, C. 2007. Neighbourhood Environmental Improvement Plans: Community Empowerment, Voluntary Collaboration and Legislative DesignEnvironmental and Planning Law Journal, 24(2): 125-151.

Stenning, P.C. & Shearing, C. 2005. Reforming Police-Opportunities, Drivers and Challenges. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 38(2): 167-180.

Brodeur, J.P. & Shearing, C. 2005. Configuring Security and JusticeEuropean Journal of Criminology, 2(4): 379-406.

Burris, S., Drahos, P. & Shearing, C. 2005. Nodal Governance. Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy, 30: 30-58.  

Shearing, C. 2005. Die Politsche Produktion von Sicherheit. Kriminologisches Journal, 37(2): 82-92

Marks, M. & Shearing, C. 2005. Reconceptualizing reform practice in South African policingSouth African Review of Sociology, 36(2): 131-140.

Shearing, C. & Johnston, L. 2005. Justice in the Risk Society. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 38(1): 25-38.

Shearing, C. & Kempa, M. 2004. A Museum of Hope: A Story of Robben Island. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 592: 62-78.

Shearing, C. 2004. Nodal Security. Police Quarterly, 8: 57-63.

Cartwright, J. & Shearing, C. 2004. Building Peace in the Cape. Safer SocietyThe Journal of Crime Reduction and Community Safety, 23: 20-22.

Shearing, C. & Marks, M. 2004. Diversity in Policing: Multi-agency Frameworks and Strategies. Society in Transition, 35(2): 197-203.

Shearing, C. 2004. Thoughts on Sovereignty. Policing and Society, 14: 5-12.

Dupont, B., Grabosky, P. & Shearing, C. 2004. The Governance of Security in Weak and Failing States. Criminal Justice: An International Journal of Policy and Practice, 3(4): 331-349.

Shearing, C. & Wood, J. 2003. Governing Security for Common GoodsInternational Journal of the Sociology of Law, 31(3): 205-225.

Shearing, C. & Wood, J. 2003. Nodal Governance, Democracy and the New Denizens. Journal of Law and Society, 30(3): 400-419.

Shearing, C., Jenneker, M. & Cartwright, J. 2001. Securite gouvernance et communautes marginalesQuartiers sensibles ici et ailleurs, Les Cahiers de La Securite Interieure, 49: 79-98.

Kempa, M. & Shearing, C. 2002. Microscopic and Macroscopic Responses to Inequalities in the Governance of Security: Respective Experiments in South Africa and Northern IrelandSpecial Issue on Transitions of Crime and Policing, Transformations, 49: 25-54.

Aral, S., Burris, S. & Shearing, C. 2002. Health and the Governance of Security: A Tale of Two Systems. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 30: 632-643.

Shearing, C. 2001. A Nodal Conception of Governance: Thoughts on a Police Commission. Policing and Society. (Special Issue on Policing in Northern Ireland), 11(3-4): 259-272.

Shearing, C. 2001. Punishment and the Changing Face of Governance. Punishment and Society. 3(2): 203-220.

Shearing, C. & Kempa, M. 2000. Rethinking the Governance of Security in Transitional DemocraciesNigerian Law Enforcement Review, 33-37.

Shearing, C. 2000. 'A New Beginning' for Policing. Journal of Law and Society, 27(3): 386-393.

Shearing, C. & Wood, J. 2000. Reflections on the Governance of Security, a Normative InquiryPolice Practice: An International Journal, 1(4): 457-476.

Shearing, C. 1999. Zero Tolerance. Criminal Law Bulletin, 35(August): 378-83.

Kempa, M., Carrier, R., Wood., J. & Shearing, C. 1999. Reflections on the Evolution of the Concept of ‘Private Policing’. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 7: 197-223.

Wood, J. & Shearing, C. 1999. Reinventing Intellectuals. Canadian Journal of Criminology. (Special Issue on Research: Policy, Models and Issues), 41(2): 311-320.

Wood., J. & Shearing, C. 1998. Securing Safety on Campus: A Case StudyCanadian Journal of Criminology, 40(1): 81-95.

Shaw, M. & Shearing, C. 1997. Reshaping Security: An Examination of the Governance of Security in South Africa. African Security Review, 7(3): 3-12.

O’Malley, P., Weir, L., & Shearing, C. 1997. Governmentality, Criticism, Politics. Economy and Society, 26(4): 501-517.

Bayley, D. & Shearing, C. 1996. The Future of Policing. Law and Society Review, 30(3): 585-606.

Shearing, C. 1995. Transforming the Culture of Policing: Thoughts from South AfricaAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology (special issue), 54-61.

Shearing, C. 1994. Participatory Policing: Modalities in Lay Participation. Imbizo, 1(2): 5-10.

Shearing, C. 1994. Transformations of Governance: The Case of Community Policing. Sash, 37(1):21.

Shearing, C. 1994. Sécurité privée et technologies en Amérique du Nord. Securite et Technologies. Paris: IHESI.

Shearing, C. 1994. Reinventing Policing: Policing as Governance. Imbizo, 1(1): 285-308.

Shearing, C. 1992. Changing Police Culture: The Bottom-Up View. Platypus, 36: 15-16.

Shearing, C. 1992. The Relation between Public and Private Policing, Crime and Justice, 15: 399-434.

Shearing, C. & Ericson, R. V. 1991. Culture as Figurative Action. British Journal of Sociology, 42(4): 481-506.

Shearing, C. 1991. La Recherche d'une Police Communautaire: L'histoire d'un Grand Ensemble de TorontoDéviance et Société, 15(3): 353-359.

Shearing, C. 1991. Policing the Transformation. Work in Progress, 79:22.

Shearing, C. 1991. Police and Government: The Quest for Impartial Policing. Work in Progress, 78:17-19.

Shearing, C. 1991. Policing the Police: the Ombudsman Solution. Indicator SA: Political Monitor. 8(4):11-14.

Shearing, C. 1990. Re-ordering Thoughts: A Reply to Alan HuntCanadian Journal of Criminology, 32(4):659-660.

Shearing, C. 1989. Decriminalizing Criminology: Reflections on the Literal and Tropological Meaning of the TermCanadian Journal of Criminology, 31(2): 169-178.

Petrunik, M.G. & Shearing, C. 1988. The 'I,' the 'Me,' and the 'It': Moving Beyond the Median Conception of SelfCanadian Journal of Sociology, 13(4): 435-448.

Shearing, C. 1986. Policing South Africa: Reflections on Botha's Reforms. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 11(3): 293-307.

Shearing, C., Stenning, P. & Addario, S. 1985. Corporate Perceptions of Private Security. The Canadian Police College Journal, 9(4): 367-390. (In French in the same issue: Comment l'entreprise perçoit sécurité privée, 401-425.)

Shearing, C., Stenning, P. & Addario, S. 1985. Public Perceptions of Private Security. The Canadian Police College Journal, 9(3): 225-253. (In French in the same issue: Comment le public perçoit la sécurité privée: 141-167.)

Stenning, R. & Shearing, C. 1984. Corporate Justice: Some Preliminary ThoughtsThe Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 17(2): 79-86.

Petrunik, M & Shearing, C. 1980. Fragile facades: Stuttering and the Strategic Manipulation of Awareness. Social Problems, 31(2): 125-138.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P. 1983. Private Security: Implications for Social ControlSocial Problems, 30(5): 493-506.

Feuerverger, A. & Shearing, C. 1982. An Analysis of the Prosecution of Shoplifters. Criminology, 20(2): 273-289.

Shearing, C. 1980. Subterranean Processes in the Maintenance of Power: an Examination of the Mechanisms Co-ordinating Police Action. The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 18(3): 283-298.

Stenning, P. & Shearing, C. 1980. The Quiet Revolution: The Nature, Development and General Legal Implications of Private Policing in CanadaCriminal Law Quarterly, 22: 220-248.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P.C. 1979. Private Security and Private Justice: Doing Justice to JusticeBritish Journal of Law and Society, 6(2): 261-271.

Shearing, C. 1978. Private Security in Canada: Size; Private Security in Canada: Growth and Expenditure; Private Security in Canada: the People. Resources Protection, 7(5): 6,36; 7(6): 8,21; 7(7): 23.

Shearing, C. & Leon, S.J. 1976. Reconsidering the Police Role: a Challenge to a Challenge of a Popular Conception. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Corrections, (4): 331-345.

Shearing, C. 1973. Towards a Phenomenological Sociology or Towards a Solution to the Parsonian PuzzleCatalyst, 7: 9-14.

Shearing, C. 1973. How to Make Theories Untestable: A Guide to TheoristsThe American Sociologist, 8(7): 33-37.


Shearing, C., Smith, E. & Walters, J. 2022. The Anthropocene and Criminological theory. In: Harkness, A., Peterson, J., Bowden, M., Pedersen, C. & Donnermeyer, J., Eds. Encyclopedia of Rural Crime. Bristol University Press, 53 – 55.

Mutongwizo, T., Blaustein, J., & Shearing, C.D. Forthcoming. 2022. Resilience policing and climate change: Adaptive responses to hydrological emergencies. In Wright, M., and Cordner, G. Eds. Routledge Handbook of Policing Within a Crisis.

Wood, J., Burris, S., & Shearing, C. 2022. From Incrementalism to Radical Restructuring: A Preface. In: Bartkowiak-Theron, I., Clover, J., Martin, D., Southly, B. & Croft, N., Eds. Law Enforcement and Public Health: Partners for Community Safety and Wellbeing. Springer.

Blaustein, J., Mutongwizo, T. & Shearing, C. 2022. Going Nodal: Multi-sited Policing Ethnography. In Charman, S. & Fleming, J. Eds. Handbook of Police Ethnography. Routledge.

Holley, C., Phelan, L. & Shearing, C. 2021. Dark Clouds: Regulatory Possibilities. In: Holley, C. & Shearing, C. Eds. Criminology and Climate: Insurance, Finance and the Regulation of Harmscapes (In the Series Criminology at the Edge, Eds. Leclerc, B., Homel, R. and Shearing, C.). Routledge.

Stenning, P. & Shearing, C. 2020. Global Development in Policing Provision in the 21st Century. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology. Oxford University Press.

Berg, J. & Shearing, C. 2021. Polycentric Security Governance and Sustainable Development in the Global South. In: Blaustein, J., Fitz-Gibbon, K. & Pino, N. Eds. The Emerald Handbook on Crime, Justice and Sustainable Development .153.

Perkins, G., Howell, S. & Shearing, C. 2020. The Spectre of Trauma in the South African Police Service. In: McDaniel, J., Moss, K., & Pease, K. Eds. Policing and Mental Health: Theory, Policy and Practice. Routledge Frontiers of Criminal Justice series. CRC Press.

Phelan, L., Holley, C., Shearing, C. & du Toit, L. 2020. Insurance and Climate Change. In: Brisman, A. & South, N. Eds. Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology. Routledge International Handbooks. London: Routledge.

Holley, C., Kennedy, A., Mutongwizo, T & Shearing, C. 2020. Public Servants and Regulator Capture in Energy and Environmental Governance. In. Sullivan, H & Dickinson, H. Eds. The Palgrave Handbook of the Public Servant. Palgrave Macmillan.

Stenning, P. & Shearing, C. 2018. Challenges and the Ideas of Governing Plural Policing Provision. In: Den Boer, M. Ed.Comparative Policing from a Legal Perspective. Edward Elgar Handbook.

Froestad, J., Nøkleberg, M., Shearing, C. & Trollip, H. 2018. South Africa’s Minerals-­‐ Energy-­‐Complex: Flows, regulation, governance and policing. In: Omorogbe, Y. & Ordor, A. Eds. Ending Africa's Energy Deficit and the Law: Achieving Sustainable Energy for All in Africa. Oxford University Press.

Holley, C. & Shearing, C. 2017. Thriving on a Pale Blue Dot: Criminology and the Anthropocene. In: Holley, C. & Shearing, C. (eds) 2017. Criminology and the Anthropocene. In the Series Criminology at the Edge, Leclerc, B., B., Homel, R. and Shearing, C. (eds). Routledge.

Holley, C. & Shearing, C. 2017. Nodal Governance. In: Turner, B.S. (ed) The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Social Theory. John Wiley & Sons.

Holley, C. & Shearing, C. 2017. A Nodal Perspective of Governance: Advances in Nodal Governance Thinking. In: Drahos, P. Ed. Regulatory Theory: Foundations and Applications. Canberra: ANU Press, 163-180

Howell, S. & Shearing, C. 2017. Prisons, Tourism and Symbolism:  Reflecting (on) the Past, Present and Future of South Africa. In:  Wilson, J., Hodgkinson, S., Piché. J. & Walby, K. Eds. The Handbook of Prison Tourism. Palgrave Macmillan. 

Ruteere, M., Shearing, C. & Stenning, P. 2017. Policing, Pluralisation and Human Rights. In: Weber, L., Fishwick, E. & Marmo, M. Eds. Routledge International Handbook: Criminology and Human Rights. Routledge.  396-404.

Holley, C. & Shearing, C. 2016. Policing and New Environmental Governance. In: Bradford, B., Loader, I., Steinberg, J. & Jauregui, B. Eds. The SAGE Handbook of Global Policing. SAGE, 552-572.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P. 2016. The Privatisation of Security: Implications for Democracy. In:  Abrahamsen, R. & Leander, A. Eds. Routledge Handbook of Private Security Studies. Taylor & Francis/ Routledge, 140-148..  

Froestad, J., Shearing, C. & Van der Merwe, M. 2015. Criminology: Re-Imagining Security and Risk. In: Bourbeau, P. Ed. Security: Dialogue across Disciplines. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Berg, J. with Shearing, C. 2015. New Authorities: Relating State and Non-state Security Auspices in South African Improvement Districts. In: Kyed, H. & Albrecht, P. Eds. Policing and the Politics of Order-Making. Oxon: Routledge, 91- 107.

Van der Spuy, E. & Shearing, C. 2014 Curbing the Killing Fields: Making South Africa Safer and Less Criminal. In Rotberg, R. Ed. Reconfiguring Mandela’s Legacy: South Africa’s Contested Future. Waterloo: CIGI, 237-258.

Berg, J., Nakueira, S. & Shearing, C. 2014. Global Non- State Auspices of Security Governance. In: Bersot, H. & Ariigo, B. Eds. The Routledge Handbook of International Crime and Justice Studies. Routledge, 77-97.

Herbstein, T. and Froestad, J., Shearing, C. & Nel, D. 2013. Insurance, Climate Risk and the Barriers to Change. In: Börzel, T.A. & Hamann, R. Eds. Business and Climate Change Governance: South Africa in Comparative Perspective. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 156-172.

Shearing, C. 2013. Foreword. In: Nalla, M.K. & Newman, G.R. Eds. Community Policing in Indigenous Communities. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, ix-xiii.

Shearing, C. 2012. Tapestries on Policing. Foreword. In: Palmer, D., Berlin, M. & Das, D. Eds. Global Environment of Policing. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, xiii -xv.

Stenning, P. & Shearing, C. 2012. The Shifting Boundaries of Policing: Globalization and its Possibilities. In: Newburn, T. & Peay, J. Eds. Policing: Politics, Culture and Control: Essays in Honour of Robert ReinerOxford: Hart Publishing, 265 -284.

Froestad, J., Shearing, C., Herbstein, T. & Grimwood, S. 2012. City of Cape Town Solar Water Heater Bylaw: Barriers to Implementation. In: Cartwright, A., Parnell, S. Oelofse, G. & Ward, S. Eds. Climate Change at the City Scale: Impacts, Mitigation and Adaptation in Cape Town. London: Earthscan, 244-262.

Froestad, J. & Shearing, C. 2011. Re-imagining Justice from the Bottom Up, In: Carnelley, M. & Hoctor, S. Eds. Law, Order and Liberty: Essays in Honour of Tony Matthews. Scottsville: University of Kwa-Zulu Natal Press, 237-250.

Shearing, C. & Marks, M. 2011. Criminology’s Disney World: The Ethnographer’s Ride of South African Criminal Justice. In: Bosworth, M. & Hoyle, C. Eds. What is Criminology? Oxford: Oxford University Press, 125-140.

Dinnen, S., Cartwright, J., Jenneker, M., Shearing, C., Wai, I., & Maia, P. 2010. Community-building and Security: Case Studies. In: Luker, V. & Dinnen, S. Eds. Civic Insecurity Law, Order and HIV in Papua New Guinea. Canberra: The Australian National University E-Press, 237-264.

Shearing, C. 2010. The Curious Case of the Patten Report. In: Doyle, J. Ed. Policing the Narrow Ground: Lessons from the Transformation of Policing in Northern Ireland. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 27-38.

Shearing, C. & Froestad, J. 2010. Nodal Governance and the Zwelethemba Model. In: Quirk, H., Seddon, T. and Smith, G. Eds. Regulation and Criminal Justice: Innovations in Policy and Research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 103-133.

Cartwright, J. & Shearing, C. 2009. Introduction. In: Gould, C. Ed. Criminal (In)Justice in South Africa: A Civil Society Perspective. Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies, 1-10.

Marks, M., Shearing, C. & Wood, J. 2009. A Thin or a Thick Blue Line? Exploring Alternative Models for Community Policing and the Police Role in South Africa. In: Grabosky, P. Ed. Community Policing and Peacekeeping. CRC Press/Taylor and Francis, 153-168.

Hein, W., Burris, S. & Shearing, C. 2009. Conceptual Models for Global Health Governance. In: Buse, K., Hein, W. and Drager, N. Eds. Making Sense of Global Health Governance: A Policy Perspective. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 72-98.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P. 2009. Reform. In: Fleming, J. and Wakefield, A. Eds. The Sage Dictionary of Policing. London: SAGE, 266-269.

Leman-Langlois, S. & Shearing, C. 2008. Transition, Forgiveness and Citizenship: The TRC and the Social Construction of Forgiveness. In: Du Bois, F. & Pedain, A. Eds. Justice and Reconciliation in Post-Apartheid South Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 206-228.

Berg, J. & Shearing, C. 2008. Integrated Security: Assembling Knowledges and Capacities. In: Williamson, T. Ed. The Handbook of Knowledge-Based Policing: Current Conceptions and Future Directions. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 389-404.

Shearing, C. & Foster, D. 2007. Back to the Future in South African Security: From Intentions to Effective Mechanisms. In: Van der Spuy, E., Parmentier, S. & Dissel, E. Eds. Restorative Justice: Politics, Policies and Prospects. Cape Town: Juta Publishers. (Reprinted from Acta Juridica 2007), 156-170.

Froestad, J & Shearing, C. 2007. Beyond Restorative Justice-Zwelethemba, a future-focused model of local capacity conflict resolution. In: Mackay, R., Bošnjak, M., Deklerck, J., Pelikan, C., van Stokkom, B., & Wright, M. Eds. Images of Restorative Justice Theory, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Verlag für Polizeiwissenschaft16-34.

Shearing, C. 2007. Policing our future. In: Henry, A. & Smith, D.J. Eds. Transformations of Policing. Aldershot: Ashgate, 249-272.

Froestad, J. & Shearing, C. 2007. Conflict Resolution in South Africa: a Case Study. In: Johnstone, G. & Van Ness, D. Eds. Handbook of Restorative Justice. Cullompton, Devon: Willan Publishing, 534-556.

Froestad, J. & Shearing, C. 2007. The Zwelethemba Model: Practicing human rights through dispute resolution. In: Parmentier, S & Weitekamp, E. Eds. Crime and Human Rights. Volume 9 in the Series ‘Sociology of Crime, Law and Deviance’, part II Human Rights and Justice. Oxford, Elsevier Press, 534-556.

Ayling, J., Grabosky, P. & Shearing, C. 2006. Harnessing Resources for Networked Policing. In: J. Fleming, J. & Wood, J. Eds. Fighting Crime Together: The Challenges of Policing and Security Networks. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press, 60-86.

Berg, J. & Shearing, C. 2006. Private Policing. In: Greene, J.R. Ed. Encyclopaedia of Police Science, 3rd Edition, 2 vols. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Berg, J. & Shearing, C. 2006. Plural Policing in South Africa: an African case. In: Jones, T. & Newburn, T. Eds. Plural Policing. London: Routledge, 190-221.

Shearing, C. 2006. Reflections on the Refusal to Acknowledge Private Governments. In: Wood, J. and Dupont, B. Eds. Democracy, Society and the Governance of Security. Cambridge University Press, 11-32.

Shearing, C., Cartwright, J. & Jenneker, M. 2006. A Grassroot governance model: African peace committees. In: V. Luker, S. Dinnen, & A. Patience (Eds). Law, order and HIV/AIDS in Papua New Guinea. Canberra: Pandanus.

Froestad, J. & Shearing, C. 2005. Prática da Justiça-O Modelo Zwelethemba de Resolução de Conflitos’, in Slakmon, C., Campos Pinto De Vitto, R. & Sócrates Gomes Pinto, R. Eds. Justiica Restaurantiva. Brasília, D.F.: Ministério da Justiça do Brasil e Programa das Naçaões Unidas para o Desenvolvimento –Brasil, 79-123.

Shearing, C. 2005. Governing Security: The Age of Diversity. In: Hunter, R. & Keyes, M. Eds. Changing Law: Rights, Regulation and Reconciliation. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing, 37-46.

Hermer, J., Kempa, M., Stenning, P., Wood, J. & Shearing, C. 2005. Policing in Canada in the Twenty-first Century: Directions for Law Reform. In: Cooley, D. Eds. Re-imagining Policing in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 22-91.

Wood, J. & Shearing, C. 2005. Nodal Governance, Denizenship and Communal Space: Challenging the Westphalian Ideal. In: Robins, S. Ed. Limits to Liberation: Culture, Citizenship and Governance after Apartheid. Oxford: James Currey Press, 97-112.

Leman-Langlois, S. & Shearing, C. 2004. Repairing the Future: The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission at Work. In: Gilligan, G. & Pratt, J. Eds. Crime, Truth and Justice: Official Enquiry, Discourse, Knowledge. Cullompton: Willan Publishing, 222-242.

Shearing, C. 2003. Preface. In: Wakefield, A Ed. Selling Security: The Private Policing of Public Space. Cullompton, UK: Willan Publishing, xvii- xviii.

Von Hirsch, A., Ashworth, A., & Shearing, C. 2003. Specifying Aims and Limits for Restorative Justice: a ‘Making Amends’ Model?. In: Von Hirsch, A., Roberts, J.V., Bottoms, A.E., Roach, K. & Schiff, M. Eds. Restorative Justice and Criminal Justice: Competing or Reconcilable Paradigms. Oxford: Hart Publishing, 21-41.

Shearing, C. 2001. The Most Critical Unresolved Issue Associated With Contemporary Democratic Policing. In: Amir, A. & Einstein, E. Policing, Security and Democracy: Special Aspects of Democratic Policing. Huntsville, TX: Office of International Criminal Justice, 99-114.

Von Hirsch, A. & Shearing, C. 2001. Exclusion from Public Space. In: Von Hirsch, A., Garland, D. & Wakefield, A. Eds. Ethical Perspectives in Situational Crime Prevention. Oxford: Hart Pub, 77-96.

Shearing, C. 2001. Transforming Security: a South African Experiment. In: Strang, H. & Braithwaite, J. Eds. Restorative Justice and Civil Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 14-34.

Shearing, C. 2001. Local capacity policing. In: Sarkin, Jeremy Eds. Policing, Crime and Justice, Maklu. Brussels, Belgium, 191-197.

Shearing, C. 1998. Theorising-Sotto Voice. In: Holdaway, S. & Rock, P. Thinking about Criminology. London: University College London Press, 11-24.

Shearing, C. 1997. Towards Democratic Policing: Rethinking Strategies of Transformation. In: Policing in Emerging Democracies: Workshop Papers and Highlights. Washington DC: US Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice and US Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, 29-38.

Shearing, C. 1997. Violence and the Changing Face of Governance: Privatization and its Implication. In: Von Trotha, T. Ed. Sociologie der Gewalt. Kölner Zeitzchrift Für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 263-278.

Shearing, C. 1997. The Unrecognized Origins of the New Policing: Linkages between Public and Private Policing. In: Felson, M. & Clarke, R. Eds. Business and Crime Prevention. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press,  217-229.

Shearing, C. 1997. The Reinvention of Community Policing. In: Thomas, T. Ed. The Politics of the City: a Canadian Perspective. Toronto: Nelson Canada, 67-76.

Shearing, C. 1996. Public and Private Policing. In: Saulsbury, W., Mott, J., & Newburn, T. Eds. Themes in Contemporary Policing. London: Independent Committee of Inquiry into the Role and Responsibilities of the Police, 83-95.

Shearing, C. 1996. Rethinking Security. In: Brochu, S. Ed. Perspectives Actuelles en Criminology. Montreal: International Centre for Comparative Criminology, University of Montreal, 271-281.

Shearing, C. 1995. Policing the New South Africa. In: Hanson, J. & McNish, S. Eds. The Republic of South Africa: Prospects and Problems. Toronto: The Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies.

Shearing, C. 1995. Preface. In: Moore, D. & Forsythe, L. A New Approach to Juvenile Justice: an Evaluation of Family Conferencing in Wagga Wagga. Report to the Criminological Research Council. Wagga: Centre for Rural Social Research.

Shearing, C. 1995. Reinventing Policing: Policing as Governance. In: Sack, F., Vob, M., Frehsee, D., Funk, A. & Reinke, H. Eds. Privatisieirung Staatlicher KontrolleBefundeKonzepteTendenze. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgellschaft, 70-87.

Shearing, C. 1994. Remaking the South African Police. In: Ncholo, P. Ed. Towards Democratic Policing. Cape Town: Esquire Press.

Shearing, C. 1994. Security as Logistics. In: Ncholo, P. Ed. Towards Democratic Policing. Cape Town: Esquire Press.

Shearing, C. 1994. The Fallacy of New Approaches to Policing. In: Ncholo, P. Ed. Towards Democratic Policing. Cape Town: Esquire Press.

Shearing, C. 1993. Alternative Forms of Policing. In: Glanz, L. Ed. Managing Crime in the New South Africa: Selected Readings. Pretoria: Human Sciences Research Council.

Shearing, C. 1991. Police Deviance and Accountability. In: Mathews, M.L., Heyman P.B. & Mathews, A.S. Eds. Policing the Conflict in South Africa. Gainsville: University of Florida Press, 105-113.

Shearing, C. 1993. A Constitutive Conception of Regulation. In: Braithwaite, J. & Grabosky, P. Eds. Business Regulation and Australia's Future. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, 67-79.

Braithwaite, J., Grabosky, P. & Shearing, C. 1993. Introduction. In: Braithwaite, J. & Grabosky, P. Eds. Business Regulation and Australia's Future. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, 1-8.

Shearing, C. 1991. The Relation Between Public and Private Policing. In: Tonry, M. & Morris, N. Eds. Modern Policing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 399-434.

Gladstone, J., Ericson, R.V. & Shearing, C. 1991. Introduction. In: Gladstone, J, Ericson, R.V. & Shearing, C. Criminology: A Readers Guide. Toronto: Centre of Criminology.

Stenning, P.C. & Shearing, C. 1991. Policing. In: Gladstone, J., Ericson R.V. & Shearing, C.D. Eds. Criminology: A Readers Guide. Toronto: Centre of Criminology, 125-138.

Stenning, P.C., Addario, S.M., Condon, M.G. & Shearing, C. 1991. Controlling Interests: Two Conceptions of Ordering Financial Markets. In: Friedland, M.L. Ed. Securing Compliance: Seven Case Studies. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 88-119.

Addario, S.M., Stenning, P.C. & Shearing, C. 1987. Behind Union Lines: the Setting of Evidentiary Boundaries. In: Lowman, J., Menzies, R.J. & Palys, T.S. Eds. Transcarceration. Aldershot, Hampshire: Gower, 153-169.

Stenning, P.C. & Shearing, C. 1987. Reframing Policing. In: Shearing, C. & Stenning, P.C. Eds. Private Policing. Newbury Park: SAGE, 9-18.

Ericson, R.V. & Shearing, C. 1986. The Scientification of Police Work. In: Bohme, G. & Stehr, N. Eds. The Knowledge Society. Sociology of Science Yearbook, Vol. 10.  Dordrecht: Reidel, 129-159.

Shearing, C. 1987. Say 'Cheese'!-The Disney order that is not so Mickey Mouse. In: Shearing, C. & Stenning, P.C. Eds. Private Policing. Newbury Park: Sage. (Abridged version of ‘From the Panopticon to Disney World: The development of discipline’). 

Shearing, C. 1985. Riots. In: The Canadian Encyclopedia. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers. (Reprinted in revised Edition, 1988), 1586-1587.

Stenning, P.C. & Shearing, C. 1985. Police. In: The Canadian Encyclopedia. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers. (Reprinted in revised Edition, 1988), 1439-1440.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P.C. 1985. Law Enforcement (Police). In: The Canadian Encyclopedia. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers (Reprinted in revised Edition, 1988), 987.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P.C. 1985. From the Panopticon to Disney World: The development of discipline. In: Doob, A.N. & Greenspan, E.L. Eds. Perspectives in Criminal Law: Essays in Honour of John Ll. J. Edwards. Toronto: Canada Law Book, 335-349.

Shearing, C. 1984. Dial-a-Cop: A Study of Police Mobilization. In: Akers, R.L. & Sagarin, E. Eds. Prevention and Social Defence. New York: Praeger, 77-88.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P.C. 1983. Private Security and its Implications: A North American perspective. In: Rees, Anthony. Ed. Policing and Private Security. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, 16-44.

Shearing, C. 1983. Cops Don't Always See it That Way. In: Fleming, T. & Visano, L. Eds. Deviant Designations: Crime, Law and Deviance in Canada. Toronto: Butterworths, 374-388.

Shearing, C. 1981. Introduction. In: Shearing, C. Eds. Organizational Police Deviance: Its Structure and Control. Toronto: Butterworths, 1-8.

Shearing, C. 1981. Deviance and Conformity in the Reproduction of Order. In: Shearing, C. Eds. Organizational Police Deviance: Its Structure and Control. Toronto: Butterworths, 29-47.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P.C. 1981. Modern Private Security: Its Growth and Implications. In: Tonry, M. & Morris, N. Eds. Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research, Vol. 3. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 193-245.

Shearing, C. 1981. Private Security in Canada: Some Questions and Answers. In: McGrath, W.T. & Mitchell, M.P. Eds. The Police Function in Canada. Toronto: Methuen, 53-76.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P.C. 1980. Snowflakes or Good Pinches?: Private Security's Contribution to Modern Policing. In: Donelan, Rita. Ed. The Maintenance of Order in Society. Ottawa: Canadian Police College, 96-105.


Dupont, B., Shearing, C. & Bernier,M. 2020. Withstanding cyber-attacks: Cyber-resilience practices in the financial sector. Global Risk Institute. 1-22. Final Report. Available online: https://globalriskinstitute.org/publications/withstanding-cyber-attacks-cyber-resilience-practices-in-the-financial-sector/

Stenning, P., Shearing, C., Ransley, J., Porter, A. & Mutongwizo, T. 2019. Policing Very Remote Communities in Queensland: Lessons to be Learned. Report prepared for the Queensland Police Service, Australia. Brisbane: Griffith Criminology Institute.

Cartwright, J. & Shearing C. 2019. Neighbourhood Policing: A Handbook of Policy & Practice. Rondebosch: GRG, University of Cape Town.

Hubschle, A. with Shearing, C. 2018. Ending Wildlife Trafficking: Local Communities as Change AgentsGeneva: Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime. 1-48 pp. 

Council of Canadian Academies. 2014. Policing Canada in the 21st Century: New Policing for New Challenges. Ottawa (ON): The Expert Panel on the Future of Canadian Policing Models, Council of Canadian Academies.

Petersen, S. and Shearing, C. 2014. A Practitioners Guide to Setting up Collaborative Initiatives to Deliver Conservation Change. Cape Town: WWF-World Wide Fund for Nature.

Santam Group, the WWF, the University of Cape Town, and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. 2011. Insurance in a Changing Risk Landscape: Local lessons from the Southern Cape of South Africa. A report by the research partnership in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative.

Leman-Langlois, S. & Shearing, C. 2009. Human Rights Implications of New Developments in Policing. Background paper for International Council on Human Rights Policy: Modes and Patterns of Social Control: Implications for Human Rights Policy. Geneva: International Council on Human Rights Policy.

Shearing, C. & Stenning, P. 2004. Report on Policing. Draft of Report to Parliament by the Law Commission of 2004, Canada.

Kempa, M. & Shearing, C. 2003. A Human Rights Policy Framework for Jamaican Policing. Jamaican Ministry of National Security.

Shearing, C. 2002. Crime, Rights and Order: Reflections on an Analytical Framework. Paper prepared for a seminar on Crime, Public Order and Human Rights convened by the International Council on Human Rights Policy and the Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs, New York, October 21-22, 2002.

Hermer, J., Kempa, M., Shearing, C., Stenning, P. & Wood, J. 2002. Policing in Canada in the 21st Century: Directions for Law Reform. Report to the Law Commission of Canada. Ottawa: Law Commission of Canada.

Valverde, M., Levi, R., Condon, M., O'Malley, P. & Shearing, C. 1998. Democracy in Governance: A Socio-Legal Framework. Report for the Law Commission of Canada on Law and Governance Relationships.

Shearing, C. 1995. Report to the Independent Committee of Inquiry into the Role and Responsibilities of the Police. London, UK.

Shearing, C. 1989. MTHA Pilot Study Report. Metropolitan Toronto Housing Authority. Toronto.  

Hann, R.G. Asbury, K. & Shearing, C. 1989. MTHA Security Delivery System (5 Volumes). Metropolitan Toronto Housing Authority.

Shearing, C. 1988. Metro Toronto Housing Authority, Safety and Security Mid-Pilot Review. Metropolitan Toronto Housing Authority.

Asbury, K., Hann, R.G. & Shearing, C. 1988. Metro Toronto Housing Authority Safety and Security Committee. Consultants' Report for the First Phase. Submitted to the Metropolitan Toronto Housing Authority.

Shearing, C. 1986. The Future of Compliance. Ontario Waste Management Corporation, Ontario.

Shearing, C. 1986. Review of CELRF Concepts and Compliance Model. For the Ontario Waste Management Corporation.

Shearing, C. 1985. Museum Security Tender Specifications: Final Report. National Museums of Canada.

Hann, R.G., Stenning, P.C., & Shearing. C. 1983. The Bankruptcy Security Process. Final Report of the Bankruptcy Compliance Committee, Ministry of Consumer and Corporate Affairs Canada.

Shearing, C. 1979. Writs of Assistance Use in Canada. Law Reform Commission of Canada.

Stenning, P.C. & Shearing, C. 1978. Private Security and Law Enforcement in Canada. Ministry of the Solicitor General of Canada.

Farnell, M.B., Timmerman, J. & Shearing, C. 1975. Make or Buy: A Question of Minimum Standards for Security Guards. Ministry of the Solicitor General of Canada.


Dupont, B., Shearing, C. & Bernier, M. 2020. Withstanding cyber-attacks: Cyber-resilience practices in the financial sector. Global Risk Institute. 1-22. Final Report. Available online: https://globalriskinstitute.org/publications/withstanding-cyber-attacks-cyber-resilience-practices-in-the-financial-sector/

Stenning, P., Shearing, C., Ransley, J., Porter, A. & Mutongwizo, T. 2019. Policing Very Remote Communities in Queensland: Lessons to be Learned. Report prepared for the Queensland Police Service, Australia. Brisbane: Griffith Criminology Institute.

Hubschle, A., with Shearing, C. 2018. Ending Wildlife Trafficking: Local Communities as Change Agents. Geneva: Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime. 1-48.